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Contents 3/2020
Title: Military museums in Poland – between the past and the future Abstract: Museums are a constantly developing segment of cultural tourism. Poland is in line with current trends in museums, expanding its offer and adapting it to the requirements of the world of contemporary image culture and multisensory experiences, which is increasingly dominated by technology. The authors of the paper undertook to recognise the specificity of military museums, by conducting a survey of approximately a third of all such institutions in Poland. Due to the subject-matter of their exhibitions, military museums create a broad field of research both in terms of aesthetics and museum practice, as well as the issues of shaping and maintaining collective memory and the identity of the nation. They form a special mirror in which the country’s  ideas and aspirations are reflected more often than any real characteristics. In reference to contemporary trends in museums, the article aims to place Polish military museums between locality and universality, education and entertainment, stability and dynamism, knowledge and experience. The results obtained allowed the authors to distinguish three groups of military museums in Poland, as well as indicate conditions conducive to the further development of such attractions in the country. Authors: Chylińska Dagmara, Musiaka Łukasz Publication order reference: University of Wrocław, Institute of Geography and Regional Development, Poland, e-mail: dagmara.chylinska@uwr.edu.pl; University of Łódź, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, Department of Political and Historical Geography and Regional Studies, Poland, e-mail: lukasz.musiaka@geo.uni.lodz.pl Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3  pages: 5-39 Keywords: museum, military museum, heritage, Poland, Central and Eastern Europe online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.1 Title: Watermills and windmills as monuments in Poland - protection of cultural heritage in situ and in open-air museums Abstract: This paper presents the results of research on the history of the protection of mills as objects of cultural heritage on Polish lands. First, the spatial distribution of over 20,000 mills at the beginning of the previous century is characterized, then the main actions undertaken for their protection in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries are discussed. Merely 3.4% of mills that worked in the past are now protected as monuments and recorded in the national register. Most of them remain in their original locations (in situ), and another 71 windmills and 22 watermills have been relocated to open-air museums. These specific institutions face a particularly important task involving the necessity to retain the original functionality of the mills. Authors: Mosakowski Zachariasz, Brykała Dariusz, Prarat Maciej, Jagiełło Daria, Podgórski Zbigniew, Lamparski Piotr Publication order reference: Polish Academy of Sciences, Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Department of Environmental Resources and Geohazards, ul. Kopernika 19, 87-100 Toruń, Poland, e-mail: zachary@twarda.pan.pl; e-mail: darek@geopan.torun.pl; e-mail: piotr@geopan.torun.pl; Nicolaus Copernicus University, Faculty of Fine Arts, Department for the Study and Protection of Cultural Heritage, ul. Sienkiewicza 30/32, 87-100 Toruń, Poland, e-mail: mprarat@umk.pl; e-mail: dar.jag@doktorant.umk.pl; Kazimierz Wielki University, Institute of Geography, Department of Landscape Geography, Pl. Kościeleckich 8, 85-033 Bydgoszcz, Poland, e-mail: zbigniew.podgorski@ukw.edu.pl Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages: 41-62. Keywords: mills, monuments, cultural heritage, open-air museums, Poland online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.2 Title: Modern and Contemporary Art in the Russian Museum Context Abstract: The article considers contemporary and modern art in Russia as reflected in museum curatorial projects. The concepts of large-scale museum exhibitions are based on certain categories that correspond to following qualities: the connection with the centuries-old tradition, myth-making, ludic aspects and internationality – openness to the perception of other cultures. The article analyses exhibition projects in the beginning of the twentieth century, in which contemporary art is demonstrated in the space of tradition, the media context, the everyday context and the context of cultural myths and symbols. The problem of determination of the aesthetic value of contemporary art is stressed in the space of the museum, and represented artworks receive a bigger expressiveness in the neighborhood of works of traditional art. Exhibition curators effectively use aesthetic and formal contrasts; sometimes classical artworks themselves suggest new ways of understanding meanings, hypothetically included in contemporary art – as seen in the projects at the Hermitage, the State Russian Museum and the State Tretyakov Gallery, where curators can unite or contrast tradition and modernity. Authors: Biryukova Marina V. Publication order reference: Saint Petersburg State University, Institute of Philosophy, Department of Museum Work and Protection of Monuments, 5, Mendeleevskaya Line, 199034 Saint Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: arsvita@mail.ru Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages: 63-74. Key words: contemporary art, modernism, museum, exhibition, curatorial project online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.3 Title: From Świdnica to Bratislava: The sculpture of Christ the Saviour from the collection of the Slovak National Gallery Abstract: Among the works that stand out in the Baroque sculpture collection of the Slovak National Gallery (SNG) is the figure of the Saviour by Georg Leonhard Weber of Świdnica. Surveys conducted in Slovak, Czech and Polish museums, combined with field studies, have made it possible to provide hitherto unexplored artistic context of the work. They have made it possible to trace the formal origins of the Bratislava Saviour as well as its later imitations. The sculpture is carved with virtuosic precision; it develops a concept derived from ancient art and is the finest example of Weber’s early oeuvre. Also, it constitutes a link between works made in his workshop over four decades. The present study demonstrates the advantages of an interdisciplinary and international analysis of museum collections. It highlights the significance of the sculpture in question to Central European cultural heritage, expanding the knowledge of museum collections in three different countries. Authors: Kolbiarz Artur Publication order reference: University of Silesia in Katowice, Institute of Art Studies, Poland, e-mail: artur.kolbiarz@us.edu.pl Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages: 75-93 Key words: Baroque sculpture in Silesia; Georg Leonhard Weber; gallery and museum collections; cultural heritage; Slovak National Gallery online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.4 Title: Literary heritage in museum exhibitions: Identifying its main challenges in the European context Abstract: Literary heritage presents a dialectic relationship between tangible and intangible elements. This complex duality presents challenges for curators, who must try to communicate this immaterial essence through the exhibition language. This article, structured on a two-phase research process, aims to identify the main challenges for literary heritage valorisation and communication in the museum context. First, interviews with specialists in literary heritage and museology from Catalonia and Russia were carried out to identify the main issues to be considered when designing a literary heritage exhibition and managing a literary heritage centre. Second, the websites of three renowned literary European museums were analysed to inspect whether and how these aspects are tackled by these museums and presented to their potential visitors. Results show that, firstly, the duality of literary heritage is vital in the designing of the exhibition; and secondly, that concepts such as human mediation, literary tourism, and promotion are important in finding new strategies to communicate and visibilise literary heritage intangible meanings. Authors: Strepetova Marina, Arcos-Pumarola Jordi Publication order reference: University of Barcelona, School of Tourism, Hospitality and Gastronomy CETT, Av. de Can Marcet 36- 38, 08035 Barcelona, Spain, e-mail: marinastrepet27@gmail.com; e-mail: jordi.arcos@cett.cat Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages:95-109. Key words: house museum, intangible 95heritage, literary heritage, museography online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.5 Title: Protection of the Polish written and printed heritage – National Library Resource Abstract: Written and printed works are one of the most important cultural achievements of every country and nation. This often priceless heritage is protected, among other things, by libraries which are responsible for collecting, preparing, storing, protecting and sharing their collections. The article focuses on one form of protection of these resources – the Polish National Library Resource (NLR), which has a legal basis and gives examples of good practice. The analysis presented in this paper covers the normative Acts that cover only those collections which are unique and exceptionally valuable for Polish culture. It was found that perception of these special collections has changed and that nowadays there are only a small number of libraries that take part in the NLR programme. Authors: Fluda-Krokos Agnieszka Publication order reference: Pedagogical University of Cracow, Institute of Information Sciences, ul. Podchorążych 2, 30-084 Cracow, Poland, e-mail: agnieszka.fluda-krokos@up.krakow.pl, a.fluda_krokos@interia.pl Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages: 111-128. Key words: heritage, printing, writing, protection, Poland online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.6 Title: Between East and West: Karel Chytil as Museologist, Educator, and Art Historian Abstract: Adapted version of the text presented at the colloquium organised in Prague on 12 November 2019 by the Institute of Art History of the Czech Academy of Sciences (CAS) on the 85th anniversary of PhDr. Karel Chytil’s death. The text deals with the institutional and cultural political aspects of Chytil’s career as an art historian, museologist, and lecturer. Authors: Šopák Pavel Publication order reference: University of Technology, Faculty of Architecture, Department of Theory, Poříčí 273/5, Brno, 63900, Czech Republic, e-mail: sopak@fa.vutbr.cz Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages: 129-138. Key words: Chytil Karel, art history and historiography, Viennese school, historic preservation, history of museology, Czechoslovakia’s artistic culture, museums of decorative arts online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.7 Title: Vědecko-pedagogická práce na odboru Muzeologie a kulturní dědictví v Bratislavě (Scientific and pedagogical work in the field of museology and cultural heritage at the Department of ethnology and museology in Bratislava) Abstract: The article deals with museology (museum studies) and cultural heritage studies as basic tools for active and successful museum practice. It brings forward the question of importance and suitability of various museum courses and their relation to specialized university studies that work towards the improvement of daily museum practice. It analyses and evaluates not only the studies, but also scholarly and project activities of Museology department at the Comenius University in Bratislava. Authors: Dolák Jan Publication order reference: Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Arts, Department of Ethnology and Museology, Gondova 2, 811 01 Bratislava, Slovakia, e-mail: jan.dolak@uniba.sk Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages: 139-146. Key words: Museum, museology, education, Slovakia, Comenius University in Bratislava online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.8 Books  received  and  reviews  Skórzyńska Izabela: Anna Ziębińska-Witek: Muzealizacja komunizmu w Polsce i Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej [The Musealisation of Communism in Poland and Central and Eastern Europe], (Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS, 2018), 341 pp. ISBN: 978-83-227-9149-3, photographs. Anna Ziębińska-Witek’s critical approach to the musealisation of communism  Abstract: What do we learn about communism while studying its museums? Do the musealisations of communism make it an experience similar to the museological study of other regimes or an experience which is exceptional? How do contemporary musealisations shed light and how do they obscure sight of the experiences of communism of the inhabitants of Central and Eastern Europe? Are these experiences identical or different, from the point of view of the museums of communism in the various places of Central and Eastern Europe where communism was installed and where it is today musealised? Anna Ziębińska-Witek answers such questions in her latest work, entitled The Musealisation of Communism in Poland and Central and Eastern Europe [Muzealizacja komunizmu w Polsce i Europie Środkowo-Wschodniej]. After reading this work I have to express my appreciation for its author, as well as undertaking some discussion on communism, which, even if belonging to the past, has not disappeared completely and which, studied by historians, still arouses extreme emotions in both its witnesses and heirs. Publication order reference: Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań, Department of History, Uniwersytetu Poznańskiego 7 str., 64- 614 Poznań, Poland, e-mail: indygo@amu.edu.pl Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2020, vol.: 8, number: 3,  pages: 147-158. Key words: Musealisation of Communism, Poland, Central and Eastern Europe, Politics of History and Memory online full-text PDF DOI: 10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.9
Articles (Abstracts)

Full-text version

DOI:10.46284/mkd.2020.8.3.0
  ISSN 1339-2204 eISSN 2453-9759 Vol. 8 (2020), No. Is. 3