© Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, o.z. 2024
MUZEOLÓGIA  MUSEOLOGY  a kultúrne dedičstvo  and Cultural Heritage


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Muzeológia a kultúrne

dedičstvo 2/2024

online New volume Studia Museologica Slovaca, vol. 7 (2023) online Populačné štúdie Slovenska (journal) online

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L. Jagošová a P. Tišliar (eds.). Slované - život a smrt v raném středověku. Materiály a statě. online
Contents 2/2019
Title: MUSEUM COMMUNICATION, EXHIBITION POLICY AND PLAN: THE FIELD MUSEUM AS A CASE STUDY Abstract: Museums are moving forward in redressing the injustices of history by influencing policies through communication. As a case study museum, the Field Museum situated in Chicago, Illinois, USA, is examined to address how it is at the forefront of administration, preservation, research, and communication efforts that promote diversity, disclosing historical events, art, and anthropological objects in juxtaposition with current events and contemporary objects. To understand the role of advocacy through museum functions, the paper examines two current exhibitions, Drawing on Tradition: Kanza Artist Chris Pappan, and Looking at Ourselves, which are bi-functional ongoing processes of conservation and exhibition. The paper explores museum exhibition plans and policies, namely recontextualization of collections, which reflect the transition into a new political environment. Authors: Chung Yun Shun Susie Publication order reference: Southern New Hampshire University, Liberal Arts, Team Lead and Adjunct Faculty, History (Public History) Program, USA, email: y.chung1@snhu.edu Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 7-21. Key words: communication, exhibition plan and policy, recontextualization Language: English online full-text PDF Title: BETWEEN AMNESIA AND THE «WAR OF MEMORIES»: POLITICS OF MEMORY IN THE MUSEUM NARRATIVES OF UKRAINE Abstract: This paper seeks to lay out certain critical reflections on social transformations, changes in memory politics and its representation in the Ukrainian museum narratives over the years of independence. In particular, it focuses on the challenges involved in constructing various forms of historical memory, it determines the ways of its representation in current museum narrative practices, illustrates memory politics controversy over the historical issues of  the Holodomor of 1932 – 1933, World War II and the Holocaust and reveals the place they occupy in historical memory and museum narratives of different regions of Ukraine. Correlations between historical memory, identity and museum narratives of different regions of Ukraine are highlighted. Authors: Verbytska Polina, Kuzmyn Roman Publication order reference: Lviv Polytechnic National University, Department of History, Museology and Cultural Heritage, 12 Bandera street, 79013 Lviv, Ukraine, e-mail: polinaverbytska@gmail.com, e-mail: kuzminroman7@gmail.com Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 23-34. Key words: historical memory; politics of memory; museum narrative Language: English online full-text PDF Title: MUSEUM AND GALLERY EDUCATION AND ITS APLICATION IN THE CONTEXT OF PRE- PRIMARY EDUCATION Abstract: The presented article deals with the issue of cooperation among museum and gallery institutions and pre-primary education. Its content is structured into a theoretical and a research part that are closely connected. In the theoretical part, there is an analysis of the curriculum of pre-primary education and an analysis of the possibility of a cooperation among the pre-primary schools and the museum institutions with regard to the (educational) needs and interests of the child visitor. This connection is then specified in the chapter devoted to the phenomenon of the children’s museum, set especially in the European context. In the theoretical part, we also checked the offer of Slovak museums and galleries intended for pre-school children (performances, workshops, interactive exhibitions). The research part of the article, based on interviews with teachers and directors of nursery schools, examines not only the possibilities of cooperation between the pre-primary school and museums and galleries, but also the specific needs and requirements of pre-primary practice towards these institutions in order to fulfill their educational potential to the fullest possible extent. Authors: Hrubá Miriama, Kačírek Ľuboš, Nemcová Jana, Osaďan, Róbert, Szentesiová, Lenka Publication order reference: Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Education, Department of Pre-primary and Primary Education, Šoltésovej 4, 813 34 Bratislava, Slovakia, e-mail: hruba@fedu.uniba.sk, e-mail: nemcova@fedu.uniba.sk, e-mail: osadan@fedu.uniba.sk, e-mail: szentesiova@fedu.uniba.sk, Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Arts, Department of Ethnology and Museology, Gondova 2, 814 99  Bratislava, Slovakia, e-mail: lubos.kacirek@uniba.sk  Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.7, number: 2,  pages: 35-48. Key words: museum, children’s museum, pre-primary education curriculum, museum practice, child visitor Language: English online full-text PDF Title: GALLERY AS AN EXPLICIT STIMULATION ENVIRONMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ARTISTIC TALENT Abstract: The study introduces unique research results on the topic of artistically gifted and talented children and young people, and their interactions with the environment and exhibitions of Slovak galleries. Artistically gifted teenagers (N = 32) from different regions of Slovakia participated in the research. Based on the research results, we consider the gallery environment stimulating for artistic talent of a person in a specific way. The authors of the study confirmed that in the observed group of artistically gifted teenagers, their artistic talent was positively impacted. Progress was captured in specific components of artistic expression (imagination, fantasy and creativity), which was identified as direct influence of visiting galleries. Authors: Valachová Daniela, Lessner Lištiaková Ivana, Kováčová Barbora Publication order reference: Matej Bel University, Faculty of Education, Department of Fine Arts Education, Ružová 13, 974 01 Banská Bystrica, Slovakia, e-mail: daniela.valachova@umb.sk, University of Northampton, Faculty of Education and Humanities, Department of Special Educational Needs and Inclusion, Waterside Campus, University Drive, Northampton, NN1 5PH, United Kingdom, e-mail: ivana.listiakova@eel.sk, Catholic University, Faculty of Education, Department of Education and Special Education, Hrabovská cesta 1, 034 01 Ružomberok, Slovakia, e-mail: barbora.kovacova@ku.sk Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 49-62. Key words: gallery, stimulating environment, artistic giftedness, adolescent Language: English online full-text PDF Title: TOYS WITHIN THE COLLECTIONS OF SELECTED CIESZYN SILESIA MUSEUMS AS A SOURCE OF KNOWLEDGE OF THE FORMER LUDIC CULTURE OF THE YOUNGEST INHABITANTS OF THE REGION Abstract: The aim of the article is to familiarize the readers with the collections of toys gathered in selected museums of Cieszyn Silesia and to consider their role in the cognition of the former forms of entertainment of the youngest inhabitants of this region. The study is based on visits and queries conducted from May to September 2018 in the ethnography departments of three institutions: The Museum of Cieszyn Silesia in Cieszyn, the Jan Jarocki Museum in Ustroń and Muzeum Těšínska in Český Těšín, as well as interviews with museum personnel employed by these institutions. The article does not include detailed characteristics of the entire inventory of toys in any of these facilities. The purpose is to signal the problems that must be considered by any researcher attempting to draw inferences on the topic of the former ludic culture of children in a given region, on the basis of sources available in museums. Authors: Szalbot Magdalena Publication order reference: The University of Silesia in Katowice, Institute of Ethnology and Cultural Anthropology, ul. Bielska 62, 43-400 Cieszyn, Poland, e-mail: magdalena.szalbot@us.edu.pl Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 63-76. Key words: toy, play, anthropology of things, museum, culture of region Language: English online full-text PDF Title: AMBIGUOUS HERITAGE: ‘PLASTER SAINTS’, CAST-IRON CHRISTS AND OTHER MOULD-MADE CATHOLIC SCULPTURES FROM THE SECOND HALF OF THE 19TH AND THE EARLY 20TH  CENTURIES Abstract: This paper deals with the phenomenon of mould-made religious sculptures, which were bourgeoning in Catholic milieus in the second half of the 19th and the early 20th centuries. The reported observations are based on research into artistic production in Catholic, or partly Catholic, German areas (such as Bavaria, Rhineland, Silesia) and the Habsburg Monarchy. The study makes use of publicity sources (advertisements, catalogues and price lists) and technological publications, as well as opinions of Catholic art critics and art theoreticians of the period. Extant mould-made Catholic sculptures represent an ambiguous heritage. They are generally assumed to be mass-produced, clichéd artifacts, and not usually considered to be works of art. Nonetheless, as relics of a bygone epoch that spanned over a century, they do deserve protection and preservation, or at least documentary work and research. Authors: Lubos-Kozieł Joanna Publication order reference: University of Wroclaw, Institute of Art History, ul. Szewska 36, 50-139 Wrocław, Poland, e-mail: joanna.lubos-koziel@uwr.edu.pl Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 77-94. Key words: plaster casts, cast-iron sculptures, mould-made sculptures, Catholic art, artistic mass-production Language: English online full-text PDF Title: GRADUATES OF THE HIGHER WOMEN’S (BESTUZHEV) COURSES IN THE SERVICE IN THE STATE HERMITAGE (LATE 1910-1970-IES) Abstract: The article is devoted to the professional activities of graduates of the Higher Women’s (Bestuzhev) Courses in the State Hermitage Museum. They made a great contribution to the Soviet museum building, they were engaged in the restructuring of the Imperial Hermitage, scientific and exhibition work, and mastered educational field. The article is based on materials from the personal archive of N. V. Blagovo (materials Mel’nikova) and the graduates’ memories. In addition, biographies of 23 employees of the Hermitage, graduates of Courses who worked there from 1914 to 1975, are given for the first time. Authors: Vakhromeeva Oksana Publication order reference: Saint-Petersburg State University, Department of the History of peoples of the countries of the CIS, Universitetskaja nab. 7-9, 199034 Sankt-Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: o.vahromeeva@spbu.ru Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 95-107. Key words:  Bestuzhev Courses, E. Yu. Mel’nikova, Hermitage, museum department, artifact, collection, exposition, Zh. A. Matsulevich Language: English online full-text PDF Title: MODERNÉ MESTO A JEHO KULTÚRNE DEDIČSTVO – PRÍKLAD PARTIZÁNSKEHO A NOVEJ DUBNICE (Modern City and Its Cultural Heritage – the example of Partizánske and Nová Dubnica) Abstract: The paper deals with the issues of architecture and cities, or urban neighborhoods, which originated in the 20th century. While older style architecture and urban structures are already protected by law and generally accepted by both professionals and the public as part of cultural heritage, the situation is different for newer towns and buildings. However, these are also often unique collections, witnesses of the time and holders of other historical, technical or artistic values. This is particularly evident in the case of greenfield cities – Partizánske (1938) and Nová Dubnica (1957). Both locations grew up as an expression of contemporary ideas about an ideal city in connection with industrial factories, whose employees they were built for: Partizánske (former Baťovany) as an ideal industrial settlement of the Baťa concern and Nová Dubnica as a representative socialist city. The first one was based on the concept of modern architecture (and urbanism) and the second one was associated with socialist realism (as a critical, ideologically conditioned refusal of modernism).The original urbanistic concept and architecture of both settlements have remained largely preserved to this day, but their legislative protection is needed. Protection and maintenance are also, and above all, a matter of interest and acceptance of the wider public. After all, the relationship of the citizens is also reflected in the protection and overall care for the heritage. The first step in building this relationship is to make people aware of the importance of the values they contain. Authors: Janto Juraj Publication order reference: Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Arts, Department of Ethnology and Museology, Gondova 2, 814 99 Bratislava, Slovakia, e-mail: juraj.janto@uniba.sk Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 109-121. Key words: modern city, socialist realism, cultural heritage, Partizánske (Baťovany), Nová Dubnica Language: Slovak online full-text PDF In  Practice Title: PHILATELY IN THE SPACE OF A MUSEUM: VIEW FROM THE STANDPOINT  OF CULTURAL THEORY Abstract: The article deals with the introduction of the term timbrology (timbrologie) in relation to the processes of research work with museum articles related to the history of postal communication and to philately. Besides, the author sets the following tasks: to offer an explanation of certain most important timbrological and philatelic notions to a broad circle of readers; to present some specific features of “extension” of a museum space associated with museum exposure of philatelic material on the example of  activity of A.S. Popov Central Museum of Communications; and to try to substantiate the idea of creating a separate section of State catalogue of Museum fund of the Russian Federation, devoted to stamps and postal stationery as unique museum articles, which have their specific features and peculiarities and  have no analogs.         Authors: Bakayutova Lyudmilla N. Publication order reference: A.S. Popov Central Museum of Communications, 7 Pochtamtskaya Street, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, e- mail: bakayutova@rustelecom-museum.ru Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 123-135. Key words: timbrologie (timbrology), philately, stamps and postal stationery, objects of traditional culture, museum research, postal correspondence, national philatelic collection, object of cultural heritage Language: English online full-text PDF Title: ĽUDOVÉ UMENIE BANÍKOV V ZBIERKE SLOVENSKÉHO BANSKÉHO MÚZEA (Miners’ Folk Art in the Collections of Slovak Mining Museum)  Abstract: The article presents artifacts of folk mining art in the collections of Slovak Mining Museum in Banská Štiavnica, such as sculptures of miners in home altars and nativity scenes, models of mines hidden in bottles, or models of the town’s architectural landmarks. We can further find there sacral folk oil paintings with mining motifs, or utility objects decorated with mining motifs like wall clocks, plates, jugs, walking sticks. The article also describes the most famous creators of folk mining art, the most used materials and basic production techniques. Authors: Denková Zuzana Publication order reference: Slovak Mining Museum, Kammerhofská 2, 969 01 Banská Štiavnica, Slovakia, e-mail: etnolog@muzeumbs.sk  Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 137-151. Key words: folk art, miners, votive statues, mines in a bottle, nativity scenes, Jozef Červeň Language: Slovak online full-text PDF Title: VYUŽITÍ KONSTRUKTIVISTICKÝCH TEORIÍ UČENÍ V EDUKAČNÍM PROGRAMU MUZEA: EMPIRICKÁ PŘÍPADOVÁ STUDIE (The Use of Constructivist Learning Theories In a Museum Education Programme: Empiric Case Study) Abstract: Constructivist learning theories bring benefits to the practice of museum education. They perceive learners as active agents of the learning process, building new knowledge and experience on earlier ones. In addition to knowledge, they also focus on developing a range of skills and competencies, such as the development of critical thinking, communication skills, or social skills. Therefore, they form an appropriate pedagogical background for the educational activities of the museum. The question for museum educators remains, however, how to use them in practice. In the study,  possibilities of using them will be presented by introducing the research results to the reader. The realized video study was aimed to find out whether the analyzed educational program of the Silesian Museum in Opava applied elements of constructivist learning theories and, if so, by what means they did so. Authors: Kolaříková Veronika Publication order reference: Masaryk Univerzity in Brno, Faculty of Education, Poříčí 538/31, 603 00 Brno, Czech Republic, e-mail: kolarikova.veronika@mail.muni.cz Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 153-168. Key words: museum, education, constructivist learning theories, video study, open coding Language: Czech online full-text PDF Title: OBNOVA NÁRODNEJ KULTÚRNEJ PAMIATKY POVAŽSKÝ HRAD MESTOM POVAŽSKÁ BYSTRICA AKO PRÍKLAD STAROSTLIVOSTI SAMOSPRÁVY O KULTÚRNE DEDIČSTVO (Renovation of National Cultural Monument Považský Castle as an Example of Cultural Heritage Care Approach Proceeded by Považská Bystrica Municipality)  Abstract: The National Cultural Monument Považský Castle had been neglected for decades and faced the threat of complete devastation and destruction. However, the municipality of Považská Bystrica decided to change that critical, unflattering situation and save the ruin. First, property-related relations had to be resolved in order to make investments in the renovation of this important cultural monument. The town has been the owner of the property since 2008 and has chosen systematic approach to deal with the renovation. The amount of investment and the time standpoint were affected by the City budget, as well as received grants and funds. In the first years, the focus was on site maintenance and the necessary remedial interventions. Gradually, the reconstruction required more complicated masonry to achieve aesthetical and functional use. The project “Recovery of the National Cultural Monument Považský Castle” was implemented within the program field called Protection and Revitalization of Cultural and Natural Heritage and Support of Diversity in Culture and Arts within the European Cultural Heritage of the Financial Mechanism of the European Economic Area and of the Norwegian Financial Mechanism. The primary aim was to make the cultural heritage available to the public under the project focusing on Remedies for Castles, Fortifications and City Palaces. This project was the most important milestone to start the reconstruction and desirable maintenance of Považský Castle. Authors: Janas Karol Publication order reference: Alexander Dubček University of Trenčín, Department of Political Science, Študentská 2, 911 50 Trenčín, Slovakia, e-mail: karol.janas@tnuni.sk Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 169-181. Key words: National Cultural Monument, European Cultural Heritage, Financial Mechanism of the European Economic Area and of the Norwegian Financial Mechanism Language: Slovak online full-text PDF Title: K ROZVOJU MUZEOLÓGIE V KONTEXTE ĎALŠIEHO BUDOVANIA PRÍPRAVY ABSOLVENTOV NA PRÍKLADE BRATISLAVSKEJ MUZEOLÓGIE (On the Development of Museology in the Context of Further Training of Graduates - Example of Museology Studies at Comenius University in Bratislava) Abstract: The article focuses on the topic of museum and cultural heritage studies as a basis for active and successful museum practice. It brings forward the question of importance and suitability of various museum courses and their relation to specialised university studies that work towards the improvement of museum practice. It analyses and evaluates not only the studies, but also scholarly and project activities of Museology studies at the Comenius University in Bratislava. Authors: Tišliar Pavol Publication order reference: Comenius University in Bratislava, Faculty of Arts, Department of Ethnology and Museology, Gondova 2, 814 99 Bratislava, Slovakia, e-mail: pavol.tisliar@uniba.sk Source: Muzeológia a kultúrne dedičstvo, year: 2019, vol.:7, number: 2,  pages: 183-194. Key words: museum study, museology, museum education, museology and culture heritage, Comenius University in Bratislava Language: Slovak online full-text PDF Books  received  and  reviews  Marta Botiková: „...keď sa nevydáme, čepce popredáme“? Na margo výstavy Krása pre ženu stvorená, Slovenské národné múzeum, sídelná budova, Vajanského nábrežie, Bratislava, 22. 3. 2019 – 29. 9. 2019 (p. 195) online full-text PDF
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ISSN 1339-2204 eISSN 2453-9759 Vol. 7 (2019), No. Is. 2